UN postpones decision on ambassadors from Myanmar, Taliban, Libya | United Nations News

UN acceptance of ambassadors from Myanmar’s navy, the Taliban, and Libya’s jap authorities would act as step one in direction of their official recognition on the worldwide stage.

The United Nations Normal Meeting has authorized suspending its choice on whether or not Myanmar’s navy authorities and Afghanistan’s Taliban leaders can ship ambassadors to the UN in New York, with the meeting additionally deferring its choice on rival claims to Libya’s UN seat.

The 193-member Normal Meeting authorized by consensus a suggestion by its Credentials Committee to delay the vote on the issues on Friday.

The postponement means the present envoys of Myanmar, Afghanistan and Libya stay in place.

“The committee determined to postpone its consideration of the credentials pertaining to the representatives of Myanmar, Afghanistan and of Libya,” stated Guyana’s UN ambassador Carolyn Rodrigues-Birkett, who chairs the credentials committee.

The vote may now be postponed to a future date within the ongoing 77th session of the Normal Meeting, which expires in September 2023.

UN acceptance of ambassadors from Myanmar’s navy authorities, the Taliban in Kabul, and Libya’s eastern-backed authorities would act as step one in direction of their official recognition on the worldwide stage.

Men wearing green uniform, hardhats and carrying water, and loudpeakers, walk purposefully
Anti-coup fighters participate in an indication in opposition to the navy in Myanmar’s metropolis of Sagaing in September 2022 [File: AFP]

Myanmar’s navy rulers have been making an attempt to fill the nation’s UN seat for the reason that nation’s democratically elected chief Aung Suu Kyi was faraway from energy and later imprisoned following a navy coup final yr.

The Normal Meeting’s choice will preserve Kyaw Moe Tun, a diplomat of Aung San Suu Kyi’s former authorities, in his seat.

Aung San Suu Kyi has been sentenced to 26 years in jail on corruption prices in what’s seen as a politically orchestrated trial overseen by the navy.

Chris Gunness, director for the Myanmar Accountability Undertaking (MAP), known as the choice on Friday an “necessary transfer which has nice diplomatic and symbolic significance, at a time when the unlawful coup leaders try to realize worldwide recognition”.

Afghanistan’s seat will proceed to be held by officers below the nation’s former authorities of President Ashraf Ghani, who was eliminated by the Taliban in 2021 after United States and NATO forces withdrew from the nation.

The Taliban had pledged to uphold the rights of women and girls when it seized energy, nonetheless, authorities in Kabul have as a substitute banned secondary schooling for ladies and put restrictions on work and costume codes for ladies.

The Taliban have additionally just lately overseen Myanmar’s first public execution since their return to energy.

Libya’s UN ambassador, Taher El Sonni, can be anticipated to remain on in his present capability as envoy for the western Tripoli-based Libyan authorities. The oil-rich nation has been in turmoil since a 2011 NATO-backed rebellion, which ended with the killing of the nation’s longtime ruler Muammar Gaddafi.

Libya was once more engulfed in a political disaster in 2021 after it uncared for to carry a long-anticipated election, splitting the nation into two rival factions – within the nation’s east and west. A transitional Tripoli authorities later rejected calls to resign and the nation’s eastern-based management finally appointed a rival prime minister who had supposed to take over the UN seat.

UN: World population hits eight billion | United Nations News

The world’s inhabitants has reached eight billion individuals, the United Nations has mentioned, warning of extra hardship in retailer for areas already dealing with useful resource shortage due to local weather change.

Reaching eight billion individuals is “an indication of human success, but it surely’s additionally an incredible threat for our future,” mentioned John Wilmoth, the director of the UN’s inhabitants division on Tuesday.

Center-income nations, primarily in Asia, accounted for many of that development, gaining some 700 million individuals since 2011.

India added about 180 million individuals and is ready to surpass China because the world’s most populous nation subsequent yr.

Births have been steadily declining in america, Europe, and Japan. China, too, has struggled with the legacy of its One Baby Coverage programme and final yr urged households to have a second and even third little one because it additionally restricted entry to non-medical abortions.

However among the world’s poorest nations, most of that are in sub-Saharan Africa, witnessed spikes in inhabitants as a results of increased fertility charges, placing their growth objectives in danger.

“The milestone is an event to have a good time variety and developments whereas contemplating humanity’s shared accountability for the planet,” UN Secretary-Common Antonio Guterres mentioned in a press release.

The worldwide inhabitants has elevated eight-fold since 1800, from an estimated one billion to eight billion, largely because of the growth of recent drugs and the industrialisation of agriculture, which boosted international meals provides.

The event of vaccines was key, particularly the smallpox jab which helped to eradicate one of many world’s largest killer ailments.

people walking through a market in Bangalore
India is ready to surpass China because the world’s most populous nation subsequent yr [Manjunath Kiran/AFP]

Overconsumption of assets

Whereas some fear that eight billion individuals is just too many for the planet, most specialists say the larger downside is the overconsumption of assets by the wealthiest individuals.

“Some categorical issues that our world is overpopulated,” mentioned UN Inhabitants Fund chief Natalia Kanem. “I’m right here to say clearly that the sheer variety of human lives just isn’t a trigger for worry.”

Carbon emissions of the richest 1 p.c, or about 63 million individuals, had been greater than double the emissions of the poorest half of humanity between 1990 and 2015, in response to a 2020 evaluation by the Stockholm Setting Institute and non-profit Oxfam Worldwide.

Whether or not it’s meals or water, batteries or gasoline, there will probably be much less to go round as the worldwide inhabitants provides one other 2.4 billion individuals by the 2080s, in response to UN projections.

“Each single particular person wants gasoline, wooden, water, and a spot to name dwelling,” mentioned Stephanie Feldstein, the inhabitants and sustainability director with the Middle for Organic Range.

Useful resource strain will probably be particularly daunting in African nations, the place populations are anticipated to increase, specialists say. These are additionally among the many nations most susceptible to local weather impacts and most in want of local weather finance.

In sub-Saharan Africa, the place some 738 million individuals already stay with out satisfactory meals provides, the inhabitants is projected to leap by 95 p.c by mid-century, in response to the Institute for Economics and Peace. The think-tank warned in an October report that a lot of sub-Saharan Africa will probably be unsustainable by mid-century.

What number of is just too many?

The eight billion inhabitants milestone represents one billion individuals added to the planet in simply the final 11 years.

The most recent UN projections point out that the world’s inhabitants might develop to about 8.5 billion in 2030 and 9.7 billion in 2050.

But even whereas the worldwide inhabitants reaches new highs, demographers observe that the expansion price has fallen steadily to lower than 1 p.c per yr. This could maintain the world from reaching 9 billion individuals till 2037.

The UN tasks inhabitants will peak at about 10.4 billion individuals within the 2080s and stay at that stage till 2100.

Greater than half of the projected enhance within the international inhabitants as much as 2050 will probably be concentrated in eight nations: the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines and the United Republic of Tanzania. Nations of sub-Saharan Africa are anticipated to contribute greater than half of the rise anticipated by 2050.

“An enormous a part of this story is that this period of fast inhabitants development that the world has recognized for hundreds of years is coming to an finish,” Wilmoth mentioned.

UN renews mandate for human rights mission in Venezuela | United Nations News

Human rights teams welcome two-year extension of UN mission, which Caracas condemns as ‘designed for interventionism’.

The United Nations Human Rights Council has renewed the mandate of its fact-finding mission in Venezuela, an initiative Caracas considers an aggressive instrument for interfering in home issues.

The mandate to increase the Worldwide Impartial Truth-Discovering Mission for Venezuela (FFM) for 2 extra years was authorised by 19 votes to 5 towards and 23 abstentions throughout a Council session in Geneva on Friday.

The UN mission was first created in 2019 to look into alleged human rights violations within the nation.

These opposed had been Cuba, Bolivia, China, Eritrea and Venezuela itself, whose consultant to the Council, Ambassador Hector Fixed Rosales, dubbed the decision “hostile”.

Venezuelan Overseas Minister Carlos Faria mentioned on Twitter that the FFM’s extension was “a brand new assault towards Venezuela”.

The mission “is designed for interventionism and for the falsification of actuality. This fee is a political instrument for essentially the most brazen defamation on problems with human rights“, he added.

In September, the mission’s third report discovered that state intelligence businesses beneath President Nicolas Maduro’s helm had suppressed the opposition via arbitrary detentions and torture that amounted to crimes towards humanity.

The intelligence businesses “made use of sexual and gender-based violence to torture and humiliate their detainees” since at the very least 2014 and “the violations and crimes … proceed to this present day”, the report mentioned.

The Venezuelan authorities responded that the report’s accusations had been “false and unfounded”.

Venezuela is a “democratic and social state, based mostly on the rule of regulation and justice, which is dedicated to the promotion, respect and safety of human rights”, the federal government mentioned.

Human rights teams welcomed the FFM’s extension.

The renewal is a “signal of assist for the numerous victims of grave human rights violations which have been, and proceed to be, dedicated within the nation,” Amnesty Worldwide’s Americas Director Erika Guevara Rosas mentioned on Twitter.

Human Rights Watch referred to as the FFM’s extension “extraordinarily necessary” and mentioned it performs “an early warning function within the lead-up to the 2024 presidential elections”.