Seoul tragedy: The difference between crowd crush and stampede | News

The tragic occasion within the South Korean capital is being described as a crowd crush or surge, which is completely different from a stampede.

At the least 150 individuals have been killed in a crowd crush in South Korea’s capital, Seoul, with lots of the victims dying of cardiac arrest, marking the deadliest of such incidents within the nation’s historical past.

The tragic occasion is being described as a crowd crush or surge, which is completely different from a stampede.

A crowd crush is when individuals are packed in a confined area and hold pushing, inflicting the group to fall in a “domino impact” making it arduous for individuals to rise up once more. The larger the group, the stronger the impact of the group crush is.

The result’s that folks’s lungs don’t discover sufficient area to increase, making it troublesome to breathe.

“As individuals wrestle to rise up, legs and arms get twisted collectively. Blood provide begins to be diminished to the mind,” Keith Nonetheless, a visiting professor of crowd science on the College of Suffolk in England, instructed NPR after 10 individuals died at a competition in Houston final November.

“It takes 30 seconds earlier than you lose consciousness, and round about six minutes, you’re into compressive or restrictive asphyxia. That’s a usually the attributed reason behind demise – not crushing, however suffocation,” he added.

Halloween celebrations

The catastrophe in Seoul occurred on Saturday as an enormous crowd thronged a slender alley throughout Halloween celebrations within the nightlife district of Itaewon. Witnesses’ harrowing accounts of the incident described individuals scrambling to get out of the suffocating crowd within the downhill alley as individuals ended up piling on prime of each other.

About 100,000 individuals thronged the world recognized for its bars and golf equipment.

“Individuals stored pushing down right into a downhill membership alley, leading to different individuals screaming and falling down like dominos,” one unidentified witness was quoted as saying by the Yonhap information company.

One of many deadliest of such incidents occurred in Saudi Arabia when greater than 1,400 pilgrims died in July 1990 inside al-Muaissem tunnel close to the Muslim holy metropolis of Mecca throughout Eid al-Adha, or the Feast of Sacrifice, on the finish of the annual Hajj pilgrimage.

Such occasions may be triggered for various causes. In Indonesia final month, at the least 130 individuals died after police fired tear fuel in a stadium the place half of the doorways have been locked, inflicting a crush on the exits.

A stampede against this implies that folks have area to run. It happens when a bigger group of individuals, which may be frightened or excited, run collectively in an uncontrolled strategy to escape from one thing.

Seoul Halloween crowd crush: What we know so far | Explainer News

Not less than 151 killed and 82 others injured in a stampede throughout Halloween festivities within the South Korean capital.

Not less than 151 individuals have been killed in a stampede as Halloween celebrations have been underway on a slender avenue within the South Korean capital, Seoul, authorities have mentioned.

Not less than 82 others have been injured, 19 of them critically, within the crowd crush within the metropolis’s Itaewon district on Saturday night time.

Here’s what it’s good to know:

What occurred?

  • The catastrophe occurred after about 10:00pm native time (13:00 GMT) on Saturday, after an enormous crowd celebrating Halloween thronged a slender alley within the leisure district of Itaewon.
  • The primary requires assist got here at round 10:15pm (13:15 GMT), in response to the Yonhap information company.
  • Greater than 800 emergency employees, together with 346 firefighters, and 140 rescue autos have been deployed to deal with the injured, hearth officers mentioned.
  • Police confirmed dozens of individuals got cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) on the streets, whereas others have been taken to close by hospitals.
Injured people are being attended to on a street in Seoul's Itaewon district.
Injured persons are being attended to on a avenue in Seoul’s Itaewon district, after about 50 individuals fell into cardiac arrest from a stampede throughout Halloween celebrations in Seoul, South Korea, 29 October, 2022 [Yonhap/EPA-EFE]

Many killed, injured

  • Not less than 151 individuals have been killed, and 82 others have been injured in the course of the incident. Authorities mentioned the loss of life toll might enhance additional as emergency crews continued rescue efforts.
  • “Folks have been layered on high of others like a tomb. Some have been step by step dropping their consciousness whereas some appeared lifeless by that time,” the Yonhap information company cited a witness as saying.
  • Choi Seong-beom, a fireplace official, mentioned a lot of the victims have been girls and younger individuals of their 20s.
  • These killed included 19 foreigners, Choi mentioned. They embrace individuals from Iran, Uzbekistan, China and Norway, he mentioned.
  • A physician who administered first assist to victims described scenes of tragedy and chaos. “Once I first tried CPR there have been two victims mendacity on the pavement. However the quantity exploded quickly after, outnumbering first responders on the scene,” Lee Beom-suk advised native broadcaster YTN. “So many victims’ faces have been pale. I couldn’t catch their pulse or breath and lots of of them had a bloody nostril. Once I tried CPR, I additionally pumped blood out of their mouths.”
  • A number of movies posted on social media appeared to indicate individuals performing CPR on victims mendacity on the street. Different movies appeared to indicate dozens of individuals coated with blue plastic sheets on the roadside.
  • Seoul’s Metropolitan authorities mentioned it has obtained experiences about 355 lacking individuals following the gang crush.


  • Al Jazeera’s Musun Kim, reporting from Seoul, mentioned many individuals within the metropolis would keep up by the night time “with a way of shock, questioning how this might have occurred”.
  • South Korean President Yoon Suk-yeol declared a interval of nationwide mourning on Sunday. “That is actually tragic,” he mentioned in a press release. “A tragedy and catastrophe that ought to not have occurred occurred within the coronary heart of Seoul final night time.”
  • Authorities mentioned they have been investigating the precise explanation for the incident.
  • Seoul Mayor Oh Se-hoon, who was on a go to to Europe, determined to return dwelling within the wake of the catastrophe, Yonhap reported, citing metropolis officers.
  • US President Joe Biden and his spouse despatched their condolences and wrote: “We grieve with the individuals of the Republic of Korea and ship our greatest needs for a fast restoration to all those that have been injured.”
  • UK Prime Minister Rishi Sunak called the incident “horrific”. “All our ideas are with these at the moment responding and all South Koreans at this very distressing time”, he wrote on Twitter.