In 1996, new immigrants to Norway described what it meant to dwell there. Twenty-five years on, are they Norwegian but?
Israeli forces started a large-scale raid on Wednesday morning in Jenin, the newest in a collection of near-daily raids.
Ramallah, occupied West Financial institution – 4 Palestinians have been killed and greater than 40 others injured throughout an Israeli navy raid on a refugee camp in Jenin within the northern occupied West Financial institution.
The raid started with dozens of Israeli navy automobiles coming into the camp at roughly 8am (05:00 GMT).
The Palestinian ministry of well being initially mentioned on Wednesday morning that the boys killed had been Ahmad Alawneh, Abed Hazem, Mohammad al-Wanneh and Mohammad Abu Naa’sah.
Al Jazeera’s Walid al-Omari, reporting from Ramallah, mentioned that the Al-Aqsa Martyrs’ Brigade had mentioned that three of the boys killed had been members of the Palestinian armed group.
No less than 44 others had been injured, in accordance with the ministry.
Native media mentioned Ahmad Alawneh was 24 years previous and labored as a Palestinian Authority (PA) intelligence officer. Surveillance digicam footage circulated by native journalists of the second he was killed confirmed him partaking in armed clashes with Israeli forces.
Abed Hazem and al-Wannah had been killed when Hazem’s father’s house was hit by a missile. Abed was the brother of Raad Hazem, who carried out an assault in Tel Aviv in April, killing three folks, earlier than being killed by police himself.
Plumes of smoke had been seen after the missile exploded in the home. The military then proceeded to encircle the house, throughout which heavy armed clashes broke out with Palestinian fighters.
The Israeli military mentioned that it had shot useless “two suspects concerned in a variety of latest capturing assaults”.
Clashes had been persevering with at noon. Along with armed Palestinian fighters exchanging gunfire with the Israeli military, younger Palestinians threw rocks on the entrance to the Jenin refugee camp, which Israeli forces responded to with reside ammunition and tear fuel.
Authorities and political events declared a day of mourning and basic strike with shops closed within the majority of West Financial institution cities together with Jenin, Nablus, Ramallah and Hebron.
On September 6, Israeli forces raided Jenin and blew up an residence that belonged to Raad Hazem, killing a 29-year-old Palestinian man and injuring 16 others.
Israel repeatedly carries out punitive demolitions of the properties of Palestinians who’ve carried out assaults towards Israelis, one thing human rights organisations have described as “collective punishment”.
Israeli forces have been conducting near-nightly raids and killings within the northern occupied West Financial institution, primarily in Jenin and Nablus, the place Palestinian armed resistance is turning into extra organised and new teams of fighters have been fashioned.
Greater than 150 Palestinians have been killed by Israeli forces within the 1967-occupied territories because the begin of the 12 months, together with 51 within the besieged Gaza Strip throughout Israel’s three-day assault in August. Greater than 30 of these killed had been both from Jenin or had been killed within the Jenin area within the occupied West Financial institution.
Twenty folks have been killed in assaults carried out by Palestinians in Israel and the occupied West Financial institution in 2022.
Launch comes forward of go to by US Vice President Kamala Harris, and as US navy conduct drills with South Korean ships.
South Korea’s army says North Korea fired two short-range ballistic missiles from its capital Pyongyang in direction of its japanese waters a day earlier than the scheduled go to of US Vice President Kamala Harris to Seoul.
The reported missile launches come forward of Harris’ arrival in South Korea on Thursday and her anticipated go to to the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ), which separates the 2 Koreas. US and South Korean navy ships are additionally at the moment conducting drills off the Korean Peninsula’s east coast.
“North Korea fired an unidentified ballistic missile into the East Sea,” Seoul’s Joint Chiefs of Workers mentioned in a press release on Wednesday, referring to the waters extra generally often known as the Sea of Japan.
Japan’s coast guard additionally confirmed a potential ballistic missile launch, citing info from Tokyo’s defence ministry, and warned ships to bear in mind.
The launch, a part of a record-breaking blitz of weapons checks this yr by North Korea, additionally comes after Seoul’s spy company warned that Pyongyang was near conducting one other nuclear take a look at.
North Korea fired a ballistic missile in direction of the ocean off its east coast on Sunday.
In a speech earlier on Wednesday aboard a US Navy destroyer within the Japanese metropolis of Yokosuka, Harris mentioned Sunday’s launch by North Korea was a part of an “illicit weapons programme which threatens regional stability and violates a number of UN Safety Council resolutions”.
Japan’s Prime Minister Fumio Kishida issued a press release in response to the launch asserting that authorities had been gathering and analysing info and dealing to make sure the protection of plane, vessels, and the general public.
Directions had been additionally issued to “take all potential measures for precaution, together with readiness for contingencies”.
▼ Directions by the Prime Minister in Response to the Missile Launch by North Korea (18:14)https://t.co/lymjXmuXPj
— PM’s Workplace of Japan (@JPN_PMO) September 28, 2022
North Korea has been subjected to UN sanctions since 2006, which the Safety Council has steadily – and unanimously – stepped up through the years to chop off funding for its nuclear weapons and ballistic missile programmes.
Pyongyang rejects UN resolutions as an infringement of its sovereign proper to self defence and area exploration, and has criticised army workouts by america and South Korea as proof of their hostile intentions.
Washington is Seoul’s key safety ally and stations about 28,500 troops in South Korea as a deterrent in opposition to North Korea.
The 2 nations have lengthy carried out joint workouts, which they insist are purely defensive however North Korea sees them as rehearsals for an invasion.
Former Guinean president and army ruler Moussa Dadis Camara and 10 different males are set to face trial for a 2009 stadium bloodbath and mass rape by the nation’s safety forces.
The 11 males have been indicted for his or her accountability within the killing of greater than 150 individuals and the rape of greater than 100 girls within the capital Conakry, in line with a report by a United Nations-mandated worldwide fee.
On September 28, 2009, tens of 1000’s of pro-democracy demonstrators held a protest within the stadium to stress Camara to not stand for election as president of Guinea the next 12 months. Camara got here to energy via a army coup in 2008.
“The tens of 1000’s of opposition supporters and civil society had no concept of the fear ready for them that day in 2009,” Al Jazeera’s Ahmed Idris mentioned whereas reporting from Conakry.
“Survivors communicate of horrific bloodbath with some victims shot at shut vary. Ladies and women trapped by the shootings had been overwhelmed and raped by safety forces.”
Like tons of of households who blamed Camara for the killings, Cherno Maju Bah, remains to be bitter over the killing of his nephew.
“You’ll be able to forgive any person if (they) didn’t do it intentionally,” Bah advised Al Jazeera. “But when he did do it intentionally, you possibly can’t forgive him. He did it. He meant it and he did it.”
Quite a few testimonies report how the presidential guard’s Purple Berets, law enforcement officials and militiamen entered the stadium round midday, cordoned off the exits and opened hearth indiscriminately on a crowd that had beforehand been festive.
Unarmed civilians had been attacked with knives, machetes and bayonets, leaving the stands, corridors and grass strewn with the lifeless and dying. Others had been trampled to demise within the panic.
Asmaou Diallo, who was on the protest, advised the Reuters information company she was assaulted and barely escaped along with her life, and that her son was killed in entrance of her.
“Probably the most stunning picture for me that day was that of the physique of my slain son. I nonetheless haven’t processed what occurred,” mentioned Diallo, who now heads an affiliation of oldsters and victims of the killings.
“Realizing that this trial will happen is for all of the victims the start of hope for deliverance,” she mentioned.
Worldwide investigators discovered the abuses might qualify as crimes in opposition to humanity, noting the brutality went on for a number of days in opposition to sequestered girls and male detainees who had been tortured.
Camara has denied accountability for the incident, blaming it on errant troopers, together with his former aide-de-camp Lieutenant Aboubacar Toumba Diakite, who can be amongst these indicted. He has additionally denied accountability.
‘Private prison accountability’
On the eve of Wednesday’s trial, Amnesty Worldwide launched a report calling for higher safety for rape victims in Guinea and the “pressing” adoption of a complete regulation on gender-based violence.
After extended investigations and repeated delays by the earlier authorities, the army authorities that seized energy in September final 12 months gave an order that the trial ought to begin no later than September 28, the anniversary of the mass killing.
Camara, who was in exile in Burkina Faso following an tried assassination and his elimination in 2009, returned to Guinea over the weekend. Kinfolk say he intends to “clear his title” however the worldwide fee has accused him of “private prison accountability and command accountability”.
He was interviewed by a prosecutor and detained on Tuesday alongside two different former senior army officers, their lawyer Pepe Antoine Lamah advised journalists.
“It’s in violation of the regulation that the prosecutor determined to incarcerate my purchasers,” Lamah mentioned.
At the least 600 victims of the stadium incident have been recognized, in line with Alseny Sall, a spokesman for the Guinean Group for Human Rights.
Sall mentioned some 154 had been killed that day by troopers from the presidential guard, the army police, the police, and army trainees as about 50,000 individuals gathered on the stadium to protest.
Ready for trial
Some relations of these killed have mentioned they by no means obtained their family members’ stays.
“The toughest factor for me was not having the ability to mourn my husband. His physique disappeared and was by no means returned to us. It’s a scenario that weighs on me,” mentioned Salimatou Bah, a rice vendor.
“All we wish is justice. This trial should make sure that such issues by no means occur once more on this nation,” she mentioned.
Regardless of repeated commitments underneath former President Alpha Conde’s regime, victims and relations say they’ve been ready for the trial for 13 years.
Whereas many welcomed the transfer by Guinea’s army authorities to deliver the case to trial, there are additionally suspicions that the choice may very well be politically motivated by the present army chief, Colonel Mamady Doumbouya.
Doumbouya, who got here to energy in a coup final 12 months after 11 years of civilian rule, is underneath stress to step down and set a date for brand new elections.
Human rights defenders and the Worldwide Felony Courtroom have additionally been pushing for justice.
“The target is to make sure that the perpetrators are punished and victims are accorded their rights,” Alpha Amadou Bah, a lawyer who has taken the case to the ICC on behalf of a sufferer, advised Al Jazeera.
“As a result of many individuals are nonetheless lacking. This trial may lead us to the place the lacking are buried. With out justice, there will probably be no closure for households.”
Swiss glaciers misplaced six % of their quantity this yr, which far exceeded the document set in 2003, a brand new research says.
Switzerland has recorded the worst soften charge of its glaciers since monitoring started greater than 100 years in the past, dropping six % of their remaining quantity this yr or almost double the earlier document of 2003, in keeping with the Swiss Glacier Monitoring Community (GLAMOS).
“2022 was a disastrous yr for Swiss glaciers: all ice soften data had been smashed by the nice dearth of snow in winter and steady heatwaves in summer time,” the group, coordinated by the Cryospheric Fee, stated in its report on Wednesday.
“Soften charges have far exceeded the earlier data from the recent summer time of 2003: the glaciers have misplaced round 3 cubic kilometres (0.72 cubic miles) of ice in 2022; greater than 6 % of the remaining quantity.”
Matthias Huss, head of GLAMOS, informed the Reuters information company that primarily based on local weather change projections, “this example would come, at the least someplace sooner or later”.
“And realising that the longer term is already proper right here, proper now, this was perhaps essentially the most shocking or surprising expertise of this summer time,” he added.
Worse than 2003: Swiss glaciers melted like by no means earlier than
Greater than 6% or 3 km3 lack of ice throughout one single yr! Merely unimaginable…
— GLAMOS (@glamos_ch) September 28, 2022
The lack of ice soften was essentially the most “dramatic” for small glaciers, the report stated.
The Pizol, Vadret dal Corvatsch and Schwarzbachfirn glaciers “have virtually disappeared, measurements had been discontinued”, the fee stated.
Within the Engadine and southern Valais areas, each within the south, “a 4 to six-metre-thick (13-20 foot) layer of ice at 3,000 metres (9,843 ft) above sea degree vanished”, stated the report.
Important losses had been recorded even on the very highest measuring factors, together with the Jungfraujoch mountain, which peaks at almost 3,500 metres (11,483 ft).
“Observations present that many glacier tongues are disintegrating and patches of rock are rising out of the skinny ice in the midst of glaciers. These processes are additional accelerating the decline,” the report added.
In a remark to Al Jazeera concerning how the fast ice soften will have an effect on Switzerland, Huss stated it can have a “huge impression” on the water runoff.
“Whereas in the mean time the glaciers nonetheless launch a lot water throughout drought durations as we had this summer time, as a result of they strongly soften within the warmth, this perform will likely be misplaced sooner or later when glaciers are a lot smaller,” he stated.
Greater than half of the glaciers within the Alps are in Switzerland the place temperatures are rising by about twice the worldwide common.
Scientists throughout the Alps, together with Huss, have been obliged to do emergency restore work at dozens of websites throughout the Alps as melting ice risked dislodging their measuring poles and wrecking their knowledge.
The heavy losses this yr, which amounted to about 3 cubic km (0.72 cubic miles) of ice, had been the results of exceptionally low winter snowfall mixed with back-to-back heatwaves.
Snowfall replenishes ice misplaced every summer time and helps shield glaciers from additional melting by reflecting daylight again into the ambiance.
If greenhouse fuel emissions proceed to rise, the Alps’ glaciers are anticipated to lose greater than 80 % of their present mass by 2100.
Many will disappear no matter no matter emissions motion is taken now, because of international warming baked in by previous emissions, in keeping with a 2019 report by the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Local weather Change.
“Reversing the method is sort of unattainable. It could take a large and chronic cooling of the ambiance,” Huss informed Al Jazeera.
“Nevertheless, sturdy and global-scale discount in greenhouse fuel emissions would assist to stabilize the local weather in a couple of a long time,” he added.
Hurricane Ian has torn into western Cuba as a Class 3 storm, knocking out energy traces within the nation of 11.3 million individuals.
Cuba’s electrical grid collapsed late on Tuesday, native officers stated, plunging all the nation into darkness shortly after the hurricane ploughed via the western finish of the island, leaving a path of destruction in its wake.
Just a few individuals with gasoline-powered mills had entry to electrical energy on the island. Others needed to make do with flashlights or candles at dwelling and lit their manner with cell telephones as they walked the streets.
Within the western metropolis of Pinar del Rio, video footage confirmed downed energy traces, flooded streets and a scattering of broken rooftops.
On the time of impression, the United States-based Nationwide Hurricane Middle reported Ian’s most wind speeds at 205km (125 miles) per hour.
Not less than two individuals died in Pinar del Rio province, in response to Cuban state media.
Cuba’s electrical grid – a long time previous and in determined want of modernisation – has been faltering for months with blackouts an on a regular basis occasion throughout a lot of the island.
However officers stated the storm had confirmed to be an excessive amount of for the system, upsetting a failure that shut off the lights for the island.
Ian has intensified into an especially harmful Class 4 storm with prime winds of 220km/h (140 mph) because it approaches Florida.