A US state asked for evidence to ban TikTok. The FBI offered none | Technology

When Maryland turned the newest US state to ban using TikTok on authorities gadgets and networks final month, cybersecurity officers within the state of Connecticut turned to the FBI for steerage.

They wished to know if the FBI had further data to help a ban of their state amid dire warnings by the legislation enforcement company’s management and Republican governors that the Chinese language-owned app posed critical threats to privateness and nationwide safety.

“Good morning gents. We’re on the lookout for any suggestions on TikTok after Maryland moved to ‘ban’ its use,” Jeff Brown, the chief data safety officer for Connecticut, stated in an electronic mail to a contact on the FBI on December 7.

“Our logic is captured under, however we’d be enthusiastic about your ideas. Respect any suggestions,” Brown stated within the electronic mail, which was additionally despatched to contacts on the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Safety Company (CISA) and the Division of Homeland Safety.

Brown included in his message an electronic mail chain wherein he and Mark Raymond, Connecticut’s chief data officer (CIO), expressed settlement that Maryland’s ban gave the impression to be a case of “overreach”.

Supplied an opportunity to supply further data in help of a ban, the FBI contact declined.


[Connecticut Department of Administrative Services]

“I requested certainly one of my analysts to succeed in out to our HQ,” the FBI agent, who leads a staff in Connecticut targeted on cybercrime, stated in an electronic mail to Brown.

“She emailed me in the direction of the tip of the day to say that she couldn’t discover proof that we had any further data to share.”

Maryland and different states that had introduced TikTok bans appeared to have “based mostly their selections on information studies and different open supply details about China normally, not particular to Tik Tok,” the FBI agent quoted his analyst as saying.

“Sorry we don’t have extra to supply,” the FBI agent stated.

The CISA contact, a cybersecurity adviser for Connecticut, informed Brown he had “no further” data and would suggest deferring to the steerage of the FBI.

Al Jazeera obtained the Connecticut state authorities emails, together with emails from a number of different state governments, after submitting public information requests with the 50 US states and the District of Columbia.

Symbol of the FBI, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, on a floor.
Cybersecurity officers in Connecticut final month requested the FBI for recommendation on banning TikTok [File: Yuri Gripas/Reuters]

Raymond, the Connecticut CIO, in the end decided that the chance of TikTok was “low” based mostly on the truth that, amongst different standards, he had acquired no data suggesting Tiktok had misused knowledge, issues in regards to the app appeared to don’t have anything to do with the platform itself, and a ban might “drive further Chinese language cyber exercise and curiosity in Connecticut.”

He really helpful that Connecticut Governor Ned Lamont, a Democrat, “take no motion right now” however proceed to watch the scenario.

[Connecticut Department of Administrative Services]

When contacted by Al Jazeera for remark, Raymond stated defending state networks is an “extraordinarily excessive precedence for us”.

“We usually assessment safety threats in opposition to the state and act as warranted,” he stated. “We’re supportive of nationwide motion on matters that will threaten our nationwide safety and proceed to work with all our companions on probably the most acceptable suggestions for our state.

The episode in Connecticut, which has not been beforehand reported, stands in distinction to the dire public warnings FBI Director Christopher Wray has made about TikTok.

Wray has repeatedly warned that China might use TikTok to “manipulate content material” to hold out affect operations and steal private knowledge for espionage functions.

“All of these items are within the palms of a authorities that doesn’t share our values, and that has a mission that’s very a lot at odds with what’s in the perfect pursuits of the USA,” Wray informed a College of Michigan occasion final month. “That ought to concern us.”

In response to a request for remark, the FBI Nationwide Press Workplace directed Al Jazeera to previous feedback by Wray wherein he stated the company is advising the Committee on International Funding in the USA (CFIUS) amid its discussions with TikTok on methods to deal with nationwide safety fears and expressed concern in regards to the Chinese language authorities forcing firms at hand over delicate knowledge.

FBI Director Christopher Wray
FBI Director Christopher Wray has repeatedly described TikTok as a nationwide safety menace [File: Graeme Jennings/pool via Reuters]

TikTok’s mum or dad firm ByteDance, which has its headquarters in Beijing and is integrated within the Cayman Islands, argues that the FBI’s warnings in regards to the app relate to purely hypothetical issues and no proof has been offered of wrongdoing.

ByteDance has lengthy insisted it might by no means share consumer knowledge with the Chinese language authorities and says it’s working to deal with hypothetical nationwide safety dangers as a part of a deal it’s negotiating with CFIUS.

“As we now have stated earlier than, these state and college bans usually are not pushed by particular intelligence about TikTok and are pushed by misinformation about our firm and our service,” TikTok spokeswoman Brooke Oberwetter informed Al Jazeera.

“We stand prepared to completely transient state and native officers about our complete plan to deal with nationwide safety issues, plans developed below the oversight of our nation’s high nationwide safety businesses.”

Whilst bans on TikTok collect steam, tech specialists — and even some authorities officers, as within the case of Connecticut — acknowledge there may be little technical proof to justify the extent of worry and nervousness the video-streaming platform, one of many world’s hottest apps, has impressed.

As a substitute, most arguments for limiting the app have rested on broader distrust of Beijing, together with fears the Chinese language authorities might entry customers’ private knowledge or manipulate public opinion for nefarious ends.

“We haven’t seen any proof that TikTok is a better danger than another social media platform,” Cliff Lampe, a professor of knowledge on the College of Michigan, informed Al Jazeera.

“The only concern expressed is that its important proprietor is a Chinese language firm — despite the fact that most TikTok site visitors within the US is managed on US servers. The logic is that the Chinese language authorities might importune TikTok for personal consumer knowledge.”

Bytedance logo
TikTok’s mum or dad firm, ByteDance, has denied claims that the favored app poses a menace to privateness or nationwide safety [File: Dado Ruvic/Illustration]

Whereas the Trump administration first put TikTok within the crosshairs in 2020 with proposals for an outright ban, efforts to stymie the app gained momentum after South Dakota introduced its ban in November final yr.

South Dakota Governor Kristi Noem claimed the Chinese language Communist Get together used the app to “manipulate the American folks” and stated her state would don’t have any half within the “intelligence gathering operations of countries who hate us”.

Amongst Republicans, the occasion affiliation of Noem and different governors that rolled out early bans seems to have had some affect in persuading different states to comply with swimsuit.

In December final yr, the Republican Governors Public Coverage Committee (RGPPC), a public coverage organisation for selling conservative coverage on the state stage, despatched out a publication to Republican-led state governments highlighting latest bans in South Dakota, South Carolina, Maryland and Texas.

“Inside the previous week, 4 Republican governors banned or restricted the social media platform, TikTok, on state gadgets,” Zach Swint, a senior coverage adviser for the RGPPC, wrote within the December 7 publication.

In North Dakota, which banned TikTok on state gadgets on December 13, the publication prompted the chief of employees to Governor Doug Burgum to request state cybersecurity officers to “shortly decide if we now have any state gadgets utilizing TikTok and if we should always take into account an motion like different governors under”.

“Please expedite this and ship a suggestion as shortly as doable,” Jace Beehler stated in an electronic mail dated December 8.

Lampe, the College of Michigan professor, stated that states seem to have appeared to one another for classes on the right way to deal with TiKTok “given their lack of awareness within the space”.

“The hazard of that, nevertheless, is that if the laws is misguided then it is going to replicate itself shortly with little essential examination. My sense is that a part of that is that legislatures are principally run by older folks, who might even see a youth-oriented social platform as banal, so the hazard of being too strict is low.”

Bipartisan issues

At the very least 28 US states, together with Texas, Alabama, North Carolina and Georgia, have launched bans on TikTok for presidency gadgets to date. Whereas a majority are led by Republican governors, Democratic-led states corresponding to Wisconsin and North Carolina have additionally rolled out bans, which have more and more attracted bipartisan help.

In December, US President Joe Biden signed laws containing a ban for federal authorities gadgets, whereas a variety of Republican politicians are pushing laws to ban the app outright. Universities in Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Georgia and Iowa have in latest weeks additionally introduced bans for official gadgets.

Marc Faddoul, codirector of AI Forensics, a European non-profit that researches the mechanics of TikTok, stated that issues that the app has entry to giant quantities of private knowledge and could possibly be used to sway public opinion are each cheap and mired in hypocrisy.

“The issues, I believe, are respectable however I believe the US authorities’s place is hypocritical as a result of the identical concern is true for another nation with respect to the American platforms,” Faddoul informed Al Jazeera, including that additionally it is essential to acknowledge that the US authorities has extra respect for democratic norms than its Chinese language counterpart.

“The US authorities might and has prior to now leverage their energy, their home firms for nationwide safety pursuits and will within the context of a battle make use of it probably to filter to advertise particular kinds of data.”

Faddoul stated discussions ought to focus extra on defending consumer knowledge throughout the business as an alternative of simply TikTok alone.

“I do consider that a greater method is to do one thing that’s systematic for the entire business by way of knowledge safety legal guidelines,” he stated.

Ned Lamont at a lectern at the Connecticut State Capitol.
Connecticut Governor Ned Lamont has not introduced restrictions on TikTok [File: Jessica Hill/AP]

Whilst a majority of US states have rolled out TikTok bans, some state officers have expressed ambivalence in regards to the app.

In some circumstances, state governments have carved out exemptions in recognition of the app’s usefulness for some official enterprise.

In Utah, which banned TikTok on state gadgets on December 12, officers on the Division of Juvenile Justice and Youth Providers sought an exemption to permit some employees to entry the app, emails obtained by Al Jazeera via a public information request present.

In South Carolina, one of many first states to announce a ban, officers retroactively launched modifications to permit “recognized” legislation enforcement personnel to entry TikTok, based on emails obtained through a public information request.

In New Jersey, the place Democrats management the governorship and each branches of the legislature, the state’s high cybersecurity official final month expressed a desire for limiting the app to “separate and remoted gadgets” reasonably than a complete ban, based on emails revealed by Al Jazeera final month. New Jersey, like most different Democratic-led states, has but to publicly announce restrictions on the app.

Some states seem to have most well-liked a quiet method to limiting using TikTok.

In Michigan, Caleb Buhs, the state’s director of communications, informed colleagues TikTok can be added to a listing of social media platforms not authorised for official use from the next month, emails present.

Michigan has not but introduced a ban on the app and Democrat Gretchen Whitmer, the state’s governor, continues to function a TikTok account the place she usually posts movies.

Sara Collins, an knowledgeable in knowledge safety and shopper privateness on the non-profit Public Data, stated TikTok’s hyperlinks to China deserve scrutiny, however the controversy across the app has distracted from the broader lack of privateness protections within the web age.

“Given China’s authoritarian authorities and its management of its companies imply that TikTok rightly deserves further scrutiny,” Collins informed Al Jazeera.

“Nevertheless, the discourse surrounding the TikTok bans have principally moved away from addressing particular dangers and turn out to be a handy method for politicians to sign they’re anti-China. TikTok, like all social media platforms, collects huge quantities of information about its customers. As we now have seen with different main tech firms, this fixed surveillance could cause hurt.”

Bahrain crown prince and Qatar emir discuss ‘differences’ in call | News

Leaders agreed the international locations will proceed to speak to realize frequent targets, BNA state information company experiences.

Bahrain’s crown prince and the Qatari emir have held a cellphone dialog, in keeping with Bahraini state media, in an indication the 2 Gulf states may transfer in the direction of repairing ties two years after the lifting of a regional boycott of Qatar.

Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Egypt in January 2021 ended a three-and-half-year blockade on Qatar however since then there have been no bilateral discussions between Doha and Manama to resolve variations.

BNA state information company mentioned that in Wednesday’s name with Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, Bahrain’s Crown Prince and Prime Minister Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa “emphasised the significance of joint efforts to resolve all excellent variations”.

“It was additionally agreed that officers from each international locations will proceed to speak to realize frequent targets,” BNA’s readout of the decision added.

Sheikh Tamin
Qatar’s Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani met Bahrain’s king final week within the UAE [File: Handout]

The dialog got here after Qatar’s emir and Bahrain’s king attended a small Arab summit hosted by the United Arab Emirates (UAE) president in Abu Dhabi final week that was additionally attended by the rulers of Oman, Jordan and Egypt.

In June 2017, the 4 international locations had damaged off diplomatic and commerce ties with Qatar over claims it was too near Iran and backed hardline teams, allegations Doha has all the time firmly denied.

In January 2021, the blockading quartet agreed to revive ties in a summit hosted by Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman within the desert metropolis of al-Ula, following a flurry of diplomatic exercise.

Saudi Arabia has since led efforts to rebuild ties with Qatar and, together with Egypt, re-established diplomatic relations. The UAE and Bahrain have but to take action. All however Bahrain restored journey and commerce hyperlinks in 2021.

BNA’s readout of Wednesday’s name mentioned the dialogue additionally highlighted the significance of preserving the cohesion of the Gulf Cooperation Council, which counts each Bahrain and Qatar as members, in addition to regional safety and stability.

Former Colombian drug-trafficking magnate pleads guilty in US | Crime News

Dairo Antonio Usuga David, often known as ‘Otoniel’, was chief of the Gulf Clan, one among Colombia’s largest paramilitary teams.

A former Colombian drug trafficker has admitted to overseeing an unlimited community of prison operations and cocaine smuggling, together with a violent paramilitary group often known as the Clan del Golfo or the Gulf Clan cartel.

Dairo Antonio Usuga David, higher often known as Otoniel, pleaded responsible to fees of drug distribution and working a unbroken prison enterprise earlier than a United States federal court docket in Brooklyn, New York, on Wednesday.

“Tons of cocaine had been moved with my permission or at my route,” he instructed the court docket.

“There was a number of violence with the guerrillas and the prison gangs,” he added, acknowledging that “in army work, homicides had been dedicated”.

Otoniel was as soon as one of the wished drug traffickers on the planet and was arrested by Colombian authorities in October 2021 after eluding seize for years. He was extradited to the US in Could 2022.

The Gulf Clan introduced violence and exploitation to areas of northern Colombia, utilizing brutal pressure to regulate main cocaine smuggling routes.

Prosecutors have accused Otoniel of smuggling “outrageous” quantities of cocaine into the US, and he faces a minimal sentence of 20 years in jail. As a part of an extradition cope with Colombia, US prosecutors agreed they might not search a life sentence in his case. A sentencing date has but to be determined.

The Gulf Clan, often known as the Gaitanist Self-Protection Forces, have enlisted 1000’s of recruits to conflict with Colombian authorities, paramilitary teams and rival gangs.

Otoniel admitted that the group administered “taxes” on cocaine produced, saved or transported by means of its territory by different teams. Prosecutors allege that he ordered the killing and torture of perceived enemies.

“With right now’s responsible plea, the bloody reign of essentially the most violent and important Colombian narcotics trafficker since Pablo Escobar is over,” Brooklyn US Legal professional Breon Peace stated in a press release.

Usuga’s defence lawyer Paul Nalven stated that his shopper was “very remorseful” about his position within the “cycle of violence”. Nalven said that Usuga acquired solely a fourth-grade training and was pulled into “guerrilla” warfare in Colombia when he was 16.

For years, drug trafficking has contributed to a legacy of violence that has touched the lives of tens of millions of Colombians, and authorities have used harsh measures to go after prison organisations just like the Gulf Clan.

Nevertheless, the militarised method has introduced blended outcomes and has helped gas allegations of human rights abuses by the federal government.

In a report launched in June detailing the nation’s practically six-decade civil battle, Colombia’s Reality Fee stated authorities drug insurance policies had extended the preventing. Greater than 450,000 individuals have been killed within the battle between authorities forces, paramilitary organisations, cartels and left-wing insurgent teams.

Below a coverage known as Plan Colombia, launched in 2000, the US poured cash and army help into the nation to fight left-wing rebels and drug cartels.

Colombia’s authorities technique shifted within the mid-2010s, with officers signing a 2016 peace accord with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), the biggest insurgent group on the time.

Nonetheless, the unlawful cocaine commerce has remained outstanding in Colombia, the world’s largest producer of the drug. In 2022, the United Nations stated that the earlier yr’s crop of coca, the uncooked ingredient for cocaine, lined 204,000 hectares (500,000 acres) — the biggest space recorded in many years.

The Reality Fee’s report really useful sweeping modifications to Colombia’s drug insurance policies, and present President Gustavo Petro, a former member of an armed insurgent group, has pushed for negotiations with armed teams since his election in June 2022.

Earlier this month, Petro introduced that the federal government would lower its emphasis on pressured coca plant eradication, a staple of its anti-drug coverage for years.

Russia scorns Germany for sending Leopard battle tanks to Ukraine | Russia-Ukraine war News

Germany’s transfer to ship Leopard 2s to Kyiv will result in ‘everlasting escalation’, says Russian embassy in Berlin.

Moscow has slammed Berlin’s transfer to provide Ukraine with battle tanks and accused Germany of abandoning its “historic accountability to Russia” arising from Nazi crimes in World Conflict II.

The Russian embassy in Germany mentioned on Wednesday the choice to ship 14 German-made Leopard 2 tanks to Kyiv and permit allies to re-export the identical fashions would worsen the battle in Ukraine to a brand new degree and result in “everlasting escalation”.

“This extraordinarily harmful choice takes the battle to a brand new degree of confrontation and contradicts the statements of German politicians in regards to the unwillingness of the Federal Republic of Germany to be drawn into it,” Ambassador Sergei Nechayev mentioned.

“It destroys the remnants of mutual belief, causes irreparable harm to the already deplorable state of Russian-German relations, and casts doubt on the opportunity of their normalisation within the foreseeable future.”


Kyiv has for months referred to as for Western tanks, arguing they’re desperately wanted to offer troops firepower and mobility to interrupt via Russian defensive strains and recapture occupied territory within the east and south.

Moscow has repeatedly mentioned Western-supplied tanks will “burn” and dismissed strategies they may have an effect on the end result of the 11-month battle, warning they may solely delay Ukrainian struggling.

Germany’s transfer is predicted to pave the best way for Poland, Finland and a bunch of different European nations to supply Ukraine tanks from their very own shares of Leopard 2s.

“With the approval of the management of Germany, battle tanks with German crosses will once more be despatched to the ‘jap entrance’, which can inevitably result in the deaths of not solely Russian troopers, but in addition the civilian inhabitants,” Nechayev mentioned.

The UK has already pledged to ship 14 of its Challenger 2 battle tanks to Kyiv, whereas the USA is poised to reverse course and provide Ukraine with greater than 30 of its personal M1 Abrams.

18 missing, 4 rescued after cargo ship sinks off southwest Japan | Weather News

Search and rescue efforts are below method after a cargo ship carrying lumber capsizes between Japan and South Korea.

Japan and South Korea are trying to find 18 crew members of a cargo ship that capsized in tough climate.

A spokesperson for the Japanese Coast Guard mentioned 4 crew members have been rescued on Wednesday after the 6,551-tonne “Jintian” sank off the coast of Japan’s Nagasaki. The 4, all Chinese language nationals, have been picked up by close by vessels.

The “Jintian’ sank practically 4 hours after its crew despatched a misery name late on Tuesday, in keeping with Japan’s Kyodo information company.

The crew mentioned their ship had “tilted and is flooding”, the company reported.

Japanese officers mentioned 14 crew members on the Hong Kong-registered ship are Chinese language and eight are from Myanmar.

In response to South Korean officers, the ship’s captain final communicated with the coast guard of South Korea’s Jeju Island via a satellite tv for pc cellphone at about 2:41am native time on Wednesday (17:41 GMT Tuesday), saying that crew members would abandon the ship.

The ship was utterly submerged when the South Korean Coast Guard arrived on the scene, reported the Yonhap information company.

The crews didn’t discover anybody on the three life rafts and two lifeboats they searched.

There was no speedy phrase on what prompted the vessel, which was carrying lumber, to capsize.

The incident occurred as a chilly snap hit a lot of Japan and South Korea, with heavy snow falling in some areas and daytime temperatures in a number of the islands nearest the rescue web site reaching simply 3C (37F).

Japan’s coast guard mentioned winds have been robust on the time the misery sign was obtained.

It mentioned it had dispatched patrol boats and plane to the realm, however their arrivals have been delayed by tough climate.

Ukraine says it has enough energy for winter amid Russian attacks | Russia-Ukraine war News

After months of assaults on vitality services, Ukraine is working with companions to hurry up restore work.

Ukraine has sufficient coal and gasoline reserves for the remaining winter months regardless of Russian assaults on its vitality infrastructure, Prime Minister Denys Shmyhal has mentioned.

Shmyhal mentioned the scenario within the vitality sector stays troublesome however underneath management after a months-long Russian marketing campaign of drone and missile assaults on important infrastructure that broken roughly 40 p.c of the vitality system.

“For now, all Russia’s makes an attempt to plunge Ukraine into darkness have failed,” Shmyhal instructed a authorities assembly on Monday.

“We’ve got sufficient reserves to proceed and finish the heating season in regular mode. About 11 billion cubic metres of gasoline are saved in gasoline storages and almost 1.2 million tonnes of coal are in storages.”

Rescue workers at a destroyed building
Rescue employees clear the rubble from an residence constructing that was destroyed in a Russian rocket assault at a residential neighbourhood within the southeastern metropolis of Dnipro [Evgeniy Maloletka/AP Photo]

Shmyhal added that the federal government had authorised a call to permit the state oil and gasoline firm, Naftogaz, to obtain a 189 million euro ($205m) grant from the European Financial institution for Reconstruction and improvement.

Regardless of a warmer-than-usual December and January, Ukraine’s areas are experiencing energy blackouts attributable to an vitality deficit.

However Shmyhal mentioned the nation has continued to work with companions to hurry up restore works, get well distribution services, and implement new vitality effectivity programmes.

Russia launched an aerial marketing campaign of missile and drone assaults focusing on Ukraine’s energy infrastructure to extend the stress on Kyiv over the winter after Ukrainian forces made a sequence of battlefield beneficial properties.

Ukraine has condemned the aerial assaults as “battle cimes”. Russia has constantly denied attacking civilian targets.

At a gathering of Ukraine’s allies final week, pledges had been made to ship air defence methods and different weapons to bolster Kyiv’s capabilities to repel the Russian assaults.

However Ukraine continues to ask Western international locations to ramp up weapons deliveries, together with battle tanks that it seeks for a possible new offensive towards Russian forces within the coming months.

Kyiv has pleaded for months for Western tanks, which it says it wants to offer its forces the firepower and mobility to interrupt by Russian defensive strains and recapture occupied territory.

As Russia’s monthslong aerial marketing campaign has continued, Ukrainian and Western army officers have mentioned Moscow faces a scarcity of arms after firing 1000’s of artillery shells and missiles at Ukraine because it invaded 11 months in the past.

Talking on Monday, former Russian President Dmitry Medvedev mentioned Russian weapons shares had been sufficient to proceed preventing in Ukraine.

Deputy head of Russia's Security Counci
Deputy head of Russia’s Safety Council and chairman of the United Russia social gathering Dmitry Medvedev visits the Kalashnikov Group plant in Izhevsk, Russia [Ekaterina Shtukina/Sputnik/Pool via Reuters]

“Our opponents are watching, they periodically make statements that we don’t have this or that … I need to disappoint them. We’ve got sufficient of all the pieces,” Medvedev mentioned throughout a go to to a Kalashnikov manufacturing facility in Izhevsk, about 1,000 kilometres (620 miles) east of Moscow.

In a video posted on his Telegram channel, Medvedev was seen inspecting assault rifles, artillery shells, missiles and drones.

Medvedev instructed officers throughout the go to that drones had been in exceptionally excessive demand for its “particular army operation”.

Drones, utilized by the warring international locations, have been seen as exact, low cost and safer to function than manned plane.

Medvedev, now deputy chairman of the Safety Council, turned head of a brand new military-industrial fee final December to supervise weapons manufacturing to assist the battle.

He’s one among Russia’s most hawkish pro-war voices.

Final week, he mentioned {that a} defeat in Ukraine may set off a nuclear battle.

A timeline of mass shootings in the US this year | Gun Violence News

At the least 70 individuals have been killed in mass shootings throughout america thus far this yr, in keeping with knowledge collected by the Gun Violence Archive (GVA), amid a debate over lax gun legal guidelines that has raged for many years.

Within the newest incident on Monday, seven individuals had been killed and one critically injured in two associated shootings at agricultural services in a coastal group in northern California.

The capturing got here lower than 48 hours after a gunman killed 11 individuals at a Lunar New Yr celebration close to Los Angeles, California, on Saturday evening.

INTERACTIVE The deadliest mass shootings in the US infographic updated 2022

Mass shootings are incidents through which 4 or extra persons are shot – excluding the attacker – in a single incident, in keeping with the GVA.

Here’s a timeline of mass shootings which have taken place throughout the US this month thus far:

January 23

Chicago, Illinois (two killed, three injured)
Half Moon Bay, California (seven killed, one injured)

January 22

Robinsonville (Tunica Resorts), Mississippi (4 injured)
Baton Rouge, Louisiana (12 injured)
Shreveport, Louisiana (eight injured)

January 21

Monterey Park, California (11 killed, 9 injured)

INTERACTIVE Infographic Mass shootings across the US in 2022

January 17

Houston, Texas (4 injured)

January 16

Fort Pierce, Florida (one killed, seven injured)
Goshen, California (six killed)
Sanford, Florida (one killed, 5 injured)

January 15

Rockford, Illinois (three killed, two injured)
Homestead, Florida (one killed, three injured)
Phoenix, Arizona (4 injured)
Houston, Texas (one killed, 4 injured)

January 14

Saint Louis (Moline Acres), Missouri (4 injured)

January 13

Cleveland, Ohio (4 killed, one injured)

January 9

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (three killed, 4 injured)
Minneapolis, Minnesota (4 injured)
Denver, Colorado (4 injured)

January 8

Minneapolis, Minnesota (4 injured)
Albany, Georgia (4 injured)

January 7

Huntsville, Alabama (two killed, 9 injured)
Excessive Level, North Carolina (5 killed)

January 6

Dallas, Texas (three killed, two injured)
San Francisco, California (one killed, three injured)

January 5

New Orleans, Louisiana (two killed, three injured)
Miami Gardens, Florida (10 injured)

January 4

Cedar Metropolis (Enoch), Utah (eight killed)
Baltimore, Maryland (one killed, 4 injured)
Dumfries, Virginia (one killed, 4 injured)

January 3

Washington, DC (one killed, three injured)
New Orleans, Louisiana (5 injured)

January 1

Columbus, Ohio (one killed, 4 injured)
Ocala, Florida (two killed, 4 injured)
Chicago, Illinois (one killed, three injured)
Miami Gardens, Florida (9 injured)
Durham, North Carolina (5 injured)
Allentown, Pennsylvania (4 injured)


Is debt cancellation the way forward for Sri Lanka? | Business and Economy News

Colombo, Sri Lanka – Greater than 180 distinguished economists and growth consultants from world wide have made a worldwide attraction to Sri Lanka’s monetary lenders to forgive its debt, at the same time as different consultants should not satisfied it’s one of the simplest ways ahead for the island nation.

In response to World Financial institution estimates, Sri Lanka has an exterior debt burden of greater than $52bn as of December. Of that, practically 40 % is owed to personal collectors, together with monetary establishments, whereas the remainder is owed to bilateral collectors the place China (52 %), Japan (19 %) and India (12 %) are the biggest ones.

Colombo defaulted on its debt repayments in April and negotiated a $2.9bn bailout with the Worldwide Financial Fund (IMF).

However the IMF is not going to launch the money till it feels that the island nation’s debt is sustainable.

Now a number of distinguished teachers and economists, together with Thomas Piketty who wrote the bestseller Capital, Harvard College economist Dani Rodrik and Indian economist Jayati Ghosh have issued a press release (PDF) calling for the cancellation of Sri Lanka’s debt by all exterior collectors and measures to stem the illicit outflow of capital from the nation. The assertion was put collectively by the “Debt Justice” marketing campaign group, a worldwide motion to “finish unjust debt and the poverty and inequality it perpetuates”.

The non-public buyers who lent at excessive rates of interest to deprave politicians should face the implications of their dangerous lending by cancelling the debt, the lecturers stated within the assertion.

The teachers have accused non-public collectors of contributing to Sri Lanka’s first-ever sovereign debt default as they accrued “an enormous revenue” by charging a premium to lend. Due to this fact, they stated, the non-public lenders who benefitted from larger returns should be “keen to take the implications” of their actions, that means cancelling the debt and forfeiting the loans.

However not everybody agrees with this suggestion.

WA Wijewardene, a former deputy governor of the Central Financial institution of Sri Lanka, says that ought to the debt cancellation plan really undergo, it’d result in the collapse of the present international monetary system.

Lots of the teachers who’ve signed the stated assertion should not economists, he informed Al Jazeera.

“It’s a galaxy of teachers belonging to the social sciences area. As such, it must be critically appraised as a result of, if accepted for Sri Lanka, it actually offers a blueprint for a brand new world financial order.”

He added: “The current financial order is an interdependent, interconnected system. In case you break this, the world will collapse. You don’t know what would occur thereafter.”

A vender waits for customers at a vegetable market place in Colombo, Sri Lanka.
The continuing financial disaster has left a minimum of 8 million Sri Lankans as ‘meals insecure’ [File: Eranga Jayawardena/AP Photo]

Wijewardene informed Al Jazeera that he was shocked that Dani Rodrik, “who was a powerful advocate for Washington Consensus, ie neo-liberal financial reform all through the world” and Thomas Piketty, “who’s from the other camp,” are on the identical platform calling for debt cancellation.

As an alternative, he stated, these teachers and economists “ought to argue for the accountability to be established”.

“Cash borrowed has been wasted or appropriated by rulers, leaving [out] individuals who haven’t benefitted from them. These rulers must be made accountable for the losses and we must always battle to determine a governance system through which they need to be prosecuted for his or her crimes,” he stated.

Wijewardene added that the cancellation of debt wouldn’t profit the folks however “the corrupt, despot” leaders.

“Corrupt despots have already benefitted from the cash borrowed. When debt is cancelled, they don’t need to repay and may proceed to borrow extra and use that cash for personal good points. This is called the ethical hazard downside in economics; that when somebody has taken accountability in your liabilities, you don’t have any incentive to take even the minimal precautions to minimise it,” he stated.

Time for bilateral collectors to step up

For now, Nandalal Weerasinghe, the top of the Sri Lanka Central Financial institution, has urged China and India to come back to an settlement over lowering the nation’s debt.

“We don’t wish to be in this type of state of affairs, not assembly the obligations, for too lengthy. That isn’t good for the nation and for us. That’s not good for investor confidence in Sri Lanka,” Weerasinghe informed the BBC not too long ago.

On Friday, India’s International Minister S Jaishankar, whereas on a two-day go to to Sri Lanka, stated that New Delhi had prolonged financing assurances to the IMF to clear the best way for Sri Lanka to maneuver ahead however didn’t specify what these assurances had been.

Indian Foreign Minister S Jaishankar shakes hands with Sri Lankan President Ranil Wickremesinghe.
India’s International Minister S Jaishankar (left), seen shaking arms with Sri Lankan President Ranil Wickremesinghe, informed Sri Lanka that his nation has given monetary assurances to the IMF to facilitate a bailout plan [File: Sri Lankan President’s Office via AP]

On the heels of India’s assurance, China has provided a two-year moratorium, in line with Sri Lanka’s Sunday Occasions newspaper.

In a letter to President Ranil Wickremesinghe, the Exim Financial institution of China, liable for a lot of the loans given to Sri Lanka, stated the two-year moratorium can be a short-term suspension of the money owed owed to China whereas asking all Sri Lanka’s collectors to get collectively to work out medium-term and long-term commitments.

China is but to make any official assertion on this regard.

The assurances come on the eve of a Paris Membership assembly of Sri Lanka’s collectors to debate debt restructuring measures as a prelude to the IMF funds.

The possibilities of China acceding to requests for a mortgage waiver are slim as related calls for will then come from different elements of the growing world the place China is an lively lender, stated Dhananath Fernando, the chief govt officer of Advocata Institute, an financial coverage suppose tank in Sri Lanka.

“While you provide a debt reduction to 1 nation, it is sort of a courtroom order. Different nations may also wish to get the identical reduction,” he informed Al Jazeera.

Furthermore, taxpayers in any nation wouldn’t be pleased to utterly write off loans provided to a different nation, a sentiment identified by IMF Managing Director Kristalina Georgieva.

“It’s the notion, and is definitely very broadly shared by many officers and residents in China, that China remains to be a growing nation and due to this fact … they count on to be paid again as a result of it’s a growing nation,” she stated in a media roundtable earlier this month.

“So, a haircut within the Chinese language context is politically very troublesome,” however China understands that the equal of that may be achieved by stretching maturities, lowering or eliminating rates of interest, and funds to finally cut back the burden of debt, she added.

Dismissing the decision for debt cancellation as “impractical”, Advocata Institute’s Fernando stated that every one the collectors will ultimately need to agree on both a haircut (lowering the debt fee), coupon clipping (asking the lenders to cut back or waive off rates of interest on bonds), extending the maturity of the loans or a mixture of all three.

The Japanese embassy in Colombo had not responded by press time to an Al Jazeera request for remark.

Commerce unions be part of name to cancel debt

In the meantime, supporting the decision for debt cancellation, a commerce union representing garment manufacturing facility staff, a key employer and earnings generator in Sri Lanka, stated the financial restructuring measures required by the IMF as a part of its debt reduction plan can have the Sri Lankan authorities privatise state-owned enterprises, impose new taxes and improve the tax charges.

None of those measures “would supply a solution to Sri Lanka’s current debt disaster,” stated Anton Marcus, co-secretary of the Free Commerce Zones and Basic Companies Workers Union, in a press release. The teachers’ name “must be additional lobbied by all labour rights campaigners and international commerce union federations when Sri Lanka’s export manufacturing and repair sector is hard-pressed for orders that threaten employment on massive scale, in a rustic that’s burdened with spiralling price of residing,” Marcus stated.

The World Meals Programme estimates that 8 million Sri Lankans — out of a 22 million inhabitants — are “meals insecure” with starvation particularly concentrated in rural areas.

More sanctions as Iran and EU clash over IRGC ‘terror’ label | News

EU international coverage chief says that the bloc received’t label the IRGC a ‘terrorist’ organisation, for now.

Tehran, Iran – The European Union will step up sanctions focusing on Iranian officers deemed to be concerned in an ongoing crackdown towards anti-government protesters within the nation, however is not going to go so far as declaring Iran’s elite Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) a “terrorist” organisation till additional authorized processes are full.

“Ministers adopted a brand new package deal of sanctions towards Iran, focusing on these driving the repression,” the EU Presidency mentioned in a tweet on Monday. “The EU strongly condemns the brutal and disproportionate use of pressure by the Iranian authorities towards peaceable protesters.”

The choice noticed 37 further Iranian officers and entities positioned on the sanctions checklist.

Nonetheless, the EU’s international coverage chief, Josep Borrell, had earlier informed reporters that itemizing the IRGC couldn’t occur till the designation had gone by a authorized course of first.

“It’s one thing that can not be determined and not using a courtroom, a courtroom choice first. You can not say I take into account you a terrorist as a result of I don’t such as you,” Borrell mentioned.

In Iran, the federal government was adamant that any makes an attempt to proscribe the IRGC had been illegitimate.

“Primarily based on the United Nations Constitution and worldwide regulation, blacklisting this state entity would represent a transparent violation of the Constitution,” Nasser Kanani, the Iranian international ministry spokesman, mentioned, touting the IRGC as an organisation that considerably contributes to the safety of Iran and the area.

“Any violation of the IRGC could be a violation of Iran’s nationwide safety, and the repercussions could be directed on the violator,” Kanani added.

The European Parliament final week overwhelmingly voted for a decision that known as for the IRGC to be proscribed, along with the imposition of sanctions on Supreme Chief Ayatollah Ali Khamenei and President Ebrahim Raisi, amongst others.

The decision condemned Tehran’s response to the nation’s protests, which started final September, the executions linked to the protests, and drone gross sales to Russia. It’s not binding and must be accepted by the European Council’s consensus mechanism earlier than being enforced.

In response, Iran’s parliament on Sunday tabled laws to designate European armed forces as “terrorists”, which might be put to a vote if the bloc strikes ahead with its proposal.

Chatting with state media on Sunday, international minister Hossein Amirabdollahian claimed that he was assured in cellphone calls with Borrell and his counterpart from Sweden, the present presidency of the bloc, that the EU wouldn’t push the proposal by.

Iran has additionally warned that blacklisting the IRGC in its entirety would imply the dying of stalled talks to revive the nation’s 2015 nuclear take care of world powers, with Amirabdollahian saying on Sunday that he couldn’t rule out an exit from the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) if that occurs.

The Iranian international minister additionally mentioned on Monday that the US has “always” despatched messages in an effort to facilitate a return to the accord, formally often known as the Joint Complete Plan of Motion (JCPOA).

“The People discovered prior to the E3 [France, Germany and the United Kingdom] that there’s nothing behind the riots in Iran. They despatched a message sooner and insisted on returning to the JCPOA,” Amirabdollahian mentioned, according to Tehran’s repeated stance that the West has been behind the nation’s unrest.

The international minister’s feedback come as Washington continues to publicly preserve that the talks are at the moment not a precedence.

The US, the EU and others have imposed waves of human rights sanctions on Iranian entities and people in current months in help of the protests.

The US unilaterally deserted the JCPOA in 2018, imposing harsh sanctions. If restored, the deal would elevate sanctions on Tehran whereas re-introducing strict limits on its nuclear programme.

Video goes viral after Cambodia tries to silence popular rapper | Censorship News

Phnom Penh, Cambodia – Cambodian rapper Kea Sokun was as soon as jailed for his hard-hitting lyrics, however that didn’t cease him from forging forward together with his newest launch, Employees Blood, set to scenes of putting garment staff overwhelmed by navy police. At the least 4 staff died within the protests.

“They fought for his or her rights, for freedom, the seek for justice filled with obstacles,” Sokun raps in Khmer. “I wish to commemorate the heroism of the employees who sacrificed their lives.”

Inside days of the music’s launch on January 3 — the ninth anniversary of the federal government’s lethal response to an enormous garment staff’ strike — the Ministry of Tradition warned the music video was “inciting content material that will trigger insecurity and social dysfunction”.

The leaders of the human rights organisations that commissioned the music had been quickly hauled in for questioning. Police threatened authorized motion except the video was faraway from the web sites and Fb pages of the Cambodian League for the Promotion and Defence of Human Rights (LICADHO) and the Heart for Alliance of Labor and Human Rights (CENTRAL), representatives for the rights teams say.

“Yearly we submit [about the anniversary of the protests] and we’ve no downside, so why now after we solely used previous photographs with a music about an actual occasion, why is it incitement?” Am Sam Ath, LICADHO’s operations director, advised Al Jazeera. “We regard the order to take away the video as a violation of LICADHO’s proper of expression.”

Nationwide police spokesperson Chhay Kimkoeurn claimed no threats had been concerned and mentioned police merely sought to “educate” the rights teams.

“We didn’t threaten them with authorized motion, but when they don’t obey the legislation we are going to implement the legislation,” he advised Al Jazeera, referring to “incitement” to commit against the law, a obscure cost generally wielded in opposition to these perceived to have criticised the federal government.

Police in riot gear chasing after garment workers protesting for higher wages during the 2014 Veng Sreng protests in a still from the Workers Blood video. It is dusty and hot. The police are wearing fatigues and holding their plastic shields in front of them. They have large truncheons in their hands
The music, commissioned by two Cambodian rights teams, was to boost consciousness a few brutal crackdown on garment staff that came about in 2014 and left at the least 4 individuals lifeless [Courtesy of LICADHO and CENTRAL]

The censorship of Employees Blood is a part of an ongoing crackdown on freedom of expression in Cambodia that’s gathering tempo forward of nationwide elections in July. Nearing his fourth decade in energy, Prime Minister Hun Sen outlawed the principle opposition get together forward of the final elections 5 years in the past, and is now getting ready handy management of the ruling Cambodian Individuals’s Celebration (CPP) to his son Hun Manet.

Civil society organisations, opposition politicians and rappers alike are being forcefully reminded of the bounds of what can and can’t be mentioned in an more and more restrictive society.

“I believe the federal government is making an attempt to legitimise itself and this can be a transition interval of energy, so they’re civil society as threats,” Khun Tharo, program supervisor for CENTRAL, advised Al Jazeera. “The federal government feels this music has actually discredited [them].”

A music looking for justice

Whereas Cambodia’s music business has exploded in recent times, few rappers in addition to Sokun have dared convey direct social commentary into their songs. Different rappers who’ve spoken out in opposition to the federal government’s actions confronted dying threats or had been pressured to problem public apologies.

“I at all times need to use songs as mirrors to mirror the fact in society,” Sokun advised VOD, an internet media outlet in Cambodia, final yr. “I simply need to converse the reality.”

Rising up in a poor family down the highway from the World Heritage web site of Angkor Wat and dropping out of college in his early teenagers, Sokun was arrested and sentenced to 1 yr in jail in 2020 for a collection of nationalist songs referring to subjects like Cambodia’s borders, and full of unsparing takedowns of the wealthy and highly effective.

A choose provided to launch Sokun if he apologised for his lyrics, however the rapper refused and served the time, boosting his recognition throughout Cambodia.

The 24-year-old now has greater than 1 / 4 of 1,000,000 subscribers on his YouTube channel and continues to focus on political points and injustice, producing a music describing his incarceration and one other in regards to the filling in of Phnom Penh’s lakes for improvement.

However it was Employees Blood that hit a nerve with the federal government as a result of it was a reminder of the size of garment staff’ protests that started in late 2013, says Sabina Lawreniuk, a College of Nottingham analysis fellow who research Cambodia’s garment business.

Tens of 1000’s of staff took to Veng Sreng Boulevard in Phnom Penh to demand increased wages and the federal government was ultimately pressured to double the minimal wage to $160 per 30 days. It has since elevated wages yearly, at the same time as aggressive new legal guidelines on commerce unions have additionally been launched that rights teams say are supposed to stifle impartial union organising.

“Labour politics in Cambodia are explicitly entangled with electoral politics in a manner that another human rights points and struggles in Cambodia should not,” Lawreniuk advised Al Jazeera. “That massive mobilization of individuals actually unsettled the federal government.”

The protests got here within the aftermath of the carefully contested elections of 2013 when the Cambodia Nationwide Rescue Celebration spooked the CPP by capturing a big share of the votes on a platform calling for wage will increase for garment staff and civil servants.

Kea Sokun in black sweat pants and sweat shirt with the word WONDER written across the chest. He is performing in a rap video. He is standing on a road and there are trees running down each side. He has his hands on his hips and is s holding a microphone in his right hand and looking down and away from the camera to his left. He's wearing a white baseball cap. His trainers are also white.
Kea Sokun is a massively standard rapper in Cambodia and was beforehand jailed on fees of ‘incitement’ [Courtesy of Kea Sokun]

The Veng Sreng protests solely ended after police and navy forces started firing on the crowds, injuring dozens and killing at the least 4 individuals on January 3, 2014. One protester, 15-year-old Khem Sophat, stays lacking to this present day.

“I don’t have hope that he can be discovered, his good friend mentioned he was shot and lay down on the road,” Sophat’s father, Khem Soeun, advised Al Jazeera. “My little one was very light, he was at all times serving to the household.”

Sophat had lied about his age to get a job at a garment manufacturing unit and despatched cash to his mother and father each month, his father mentioned. He final noticed his son 9 months earlier than the protests when he visited for the Khmer New 12 months holidays.

“After he went again to work, he by no means got here again once more,” Soeun mentioned. “His mum, when she heard the music [Workers Blood], she cried all day, it reminded her of Veng Sreng avenue.”

The deaths had been the results of “indiscriminate firing and extreme use of pressure by the navy police,” in line with a fact-finding report produced shortly after the protest by the labour rights group Asia Monitor Useful resource Heart. Nobody has ever been held accountable for the employees’ deaths.

“Ready for justice for 9 years, a very long time handed and no one accountable, eager for an answer,” Sokun raps. “The eyes noticed the reality, unforgettable, caught within the minds of those that reside.”

Vorn Pov, president of the Impartial Democratic Casual Financial system Affiliation (IDEA), was overwhelmed bloody by authorities safety forces on the protest. As a distinguished labour activist related to Veng Sreng, Pov was questioned by police about Sokun’s music and later pressured to take away it from his organisation’s Fb web page, regardless that IDEA had not sponsored the music.

“When listening to Sokun’s music, it’s stunning, prefer it’s nonetheless new and recent and so unjust for the victims,” Pov advised Al Jazeera. “I really feel this society can’t be relied upon to search out the reality when injustice occurs.”

Avoiding the ‘purple line’

Ministry of Tradition spokesperson Lengthy Bunna Siriwadh wouldn’t elaborate on what particularly about Employees Blood triggered the allegation of incitement.

“I don’t analyse the which means, I solely converse to the precept of legislation and social order,” Siriwadh advised Al Jazeera, claiming Sokun might maintain making songs. “He can proceed to do no matter he desires. However don’t trigger turmoil to society, respect the legislation — it’s straightforward like that.”

Hun Sen laid down a transparent purple line in a latest speech, warning the opposition get together and different potential detractors that criticism of the ruling CPP could be met with authorized motion or violence. The CPP has already sued one of many opposition Candlelight Celebration’s vice presidents for $1m in defamation damages after he claimed there have been points with the electoral course of, and this week police arrested one other Candlelight chief for allegedly issuing a nasty cheque.

Within the run-up to Cambodian elections, freedom of expression is normally constricted, and whereas curbs would possibly later be relaxed, the scenario by no means returns to the way it was earlier than, in line with Nottingham College researcher Lawreniuk.

“Though it appears like authoritarian management tightens round election time, after which it’s launched, truly the federal government’s energy has at all times been consolidating over time,” Lawreniuk mentioned. “That’s what has enabled this slide towards de facto one-party rule.”

A still from Workers Blood with the names of the rights groups who commissioned it, urging Cambodians to share it.
The distinguished rights group LICADHO says the transfer to take down the video infringes on its freedom of expression [Courtesy of LICADHO and CENTRAL]

Sokun, who has stayed largely silent for the reason that crackdown, declined to remark for Al Jazeera, saying he was now experiencing “a variety of issues in his life”. However he has denied the music ran afoul of the legislation.

“Nothing is incorrect with the music, there’s no incitement to trigger turmoil,” he advised Voice of America shortly after the video was censored. “We would like the authorities to search out justice for the victims, however as an alternative they take motion in opposition to the one who posts [the song], I really feel remorse about this.”

The unique posts could have been eliminated, however Sokun’s music continues to be shared extensively throughout social media on different pages and platforms. If the federal government’s intention was to cease the music video from being seen, it has not labored, CENTRAL’s Tharo mentioned.

“Now it has gone viral,” he mentioned. “I believe our goal has been reached, as a result of the entire concept was to create a public sentiment of remembrance [about Veng Sreng].”